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全国2012年7月高等教育自学考试综合英语(一)真题

2012-08-30  中国教育在线  http://zikao.eol.cn  

全国2012年7月高等教育自学考试综合英语(一)试题

课程代码:00794

请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上

I.语法和词汇。从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将所选答案的字母填写

 在答题纸上。(本大题共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)

1. Do you have any clothes ______ today?

A. to wash   B. be washing

C. for to wash   D. washing

2. To answer correctly is more important than ______.

A. answered quickly   B. a quick answer

C. quickly answered   D. to answer quickly

3. Young ______ he was, he was the best candidate for the job.

A. although   B. as

C. if   D. since

4. ______ I said this, I felt sorry.

A. While   B. At the moment

C. The moment   D. The moment as

5. Don’t tell the boss about it, ______?

A. will you   B. won’t you

C. do you   D. don't you

6. I passed the exam with luck, but it was a long time ______ I told my friends about it.

A. before   B. since

C. after   D. as

7. It ______ until dusk that he realized that it was too late to return home.

A. was   B. wasn’t

C. weren’t   D. were

8. Do you remember ______ Tom about this before?

A. to tell   B. to have told

C. telling   D. tell

9. I don’t mind _______ by bus, but I hate standing in queues.

A. to travel   B. traveled

C. traveling   D. having traveled

10. Look, ______.

A. there he goes   B. there goes he

C. he goes there   D. he there goes

11. Mr. Smith didn’t know ______.

A. where his wife was   B. where was his wife

C. where went his wife   D. where his wife go

12. As ______ matter of fact, there was ______ exploration in ______ last house I visited.

A. a, an, the   B. the, an, a

C. a, the, the   D. the, an, the

13. The Yangtze River is not ______ than the Yellow River.

A. much longer   B. more longer

C. longest   D. less longer

14. Physics ______ a useful subject.

A. is   B. are

C. was D. were

15. The manager ______ him with responsibility for running the shop.

A. made   B. left

C. told   D. let

16. When the man ______ to now and again, he repeatedly called for his son.

A. woke   B. recovered

C. went   D. came

17. It’s no use ______ to him again. He won’t agree.

A. talking   B. to talk

C. talk   D. to have talked

18. ______ to remind him, the church clock struck seven.

A. As if   B. Even though

C. Only if   D. So that

19. He stayed in the countryside for quite ______.

A. some time   B. sometime

C. sometimes   D. some times

20. They have arranged ______ the writer to meet a number of his readers.

A. at   B. in

C. to   D. for

Ⅱ.阅读理解。认真阅读下列两篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题,根据短文的内容从A、B、 C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案.并将所选答案的字母填写在答题纸上。(本大题 共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

Passage One

In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p.m. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes it’s a matter of life and death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance.

In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U. S. A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended (发送) only three or four days before the party date.

But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise between people from cultures that treat time differently; promptness (准时) is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U. S. no one would think of keeping a business friend waiting for an hour; it would be too impolite. A person who is 5 minutes late is expected to make a short apology.

21. “The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00p.m.” Here “attached” means ______.

A. taken  B. told

C. given  D. bought

22. Supposing one wants to make a telephone call at midnight, this would mean ______.

A. the matter is less important

B. the matter is somewhat important

C. the matter is not important

D. it is a matter of life and death

23. According to this passage, time plays an important role in ______.

A. social life  B. private life

C. communications  D. transmission

24. The best title for this passage is ______.

A.“The Voices of Time”

B.“The Saving of Time”

C.“The Importance of an Announcement”

D.“Time and Tide Wait for No Man”

25.According to the passage,the author of the article may agree with which of the follow statements?

A.It is appropriate to send your invitation cards three or four days before the party date  in the U.S.

B.It may be appropriate to send your invitation cards three or four days before the party date in some cultures.

C.It is best for one to make telephone calls at night because it costs much less.

D.If one is less than 5 minutes late,he has to make a short apology.

Passage Two

How we look and how we appear to others probably worries us more when are in our teens or early twenties than at any other time in our life.Few of us are content to accept ourselves as we are,and few are brave enough to ignore the trends of fashion.

Most fashion magazines or TV advertisements try to persuade us that we should dress in a certain way or behave in a certain manner.If we do,they tell us,we will be able to meet new people with confidence and deal with every situation confidently and without embarrassment (窘迫).

Changing fashion,of course,does not apply just to dress.A barber today does not cut a  boy’s hair in the same way as he used to,and girls do not make up in the same way as their mothers and grandmothers did.The advertisers show us the latest fashionable styles and we are constantly under pressure to follow the fashion in case our friends think we are odd or dull.

What causes fashions to change? Sometimes convenience or practical necessity(需求)or just the fancy of an influential person can establish a fashion.Take hats for example.In cold climates,early buildings were cold inside,so people wore hats indoors as well as outside.In recent times,the late President Kennedy caused a depression in the American hat industry by not wearing hats:more American men followed his example.

There is also a cyclical(周期循环的)pattern in fashion.In the 1920s in Europe and America,short skirts became fashionable.After Word War Two,they dropped to ankle length. Then they got shorter and shorter until the miniskirt was in fashion.After a few more years,skirts became longer again.

Today, society is much freer and easier than it used to be.It is no longer necessary to dress like everyone else.Within reason,you can dress as you like or do your hair the way you like instead of the way you should because it is the fashion.The popularity of jeans and the “untidy” look seems to be a reaction against the increasingly expensive fashion of me top fashion houses.

At the same time, appearance is still important in certain circumstances and then we must choose our clothes carefully. It would be foolish to go to an interview for a job in a law firm wearing jeans and a sweater; and it would be discourteous (无礼貌的) to visit some distinguished scholar looking as if we were going to the beach or a night club. However, you need never feel depressed if you don’t look like the latest fashion photo. Look around you and you’ll see that no one else does either!

26. The author thinks that people are ______.

A. satisfied with their appearance

B. concerned about appearance in old age

C. far from neglecting what is in fashion

D. reluctant to follow the trends in fashion

27. Fashion magazines and TV advertisements seem to link fashion to ______.

A. confidence in life

B. personal dress

C. individual hair style

D. personal future

28. Causes of fashions are ______.

A. uniform

B. easy

C. unknown

D. often inexplicable (无法解释)

29. Present-day society is much freer and easier because it emphasizes ______。

A. uniformity

B. formality

C. informality

D. individuality

30. What is the main idea of the last paragraph?

A. Care about appearance in informal situations.

B. Care about appearance in formal situations.

C. Ignoring appearance in informal situations.

D. Ignoring appearance in all situations.

III.标音。用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音。(本大题共20小题,

每小题0.5分,共10分)(注意:使用新式或老式音标均可)

31.dying 32.knife

33. major 34. lump

35. tumor 36. fully

37. deny  38. rarely

39. pace 40. work

41. point 42. sheer

43. drive 44. act

45. drag 46. bean

47. frown 48. stove

49. watch 50. emotional

IV.完形填空。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共10分)

A.从下列单词中选择恰当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。

sense    disappointed    recently    sort        popular

success   so           large       laughing   except

    Geoffrey Hampden has a   51   circle of friends and is very   52   at parties. Everybody admires him for his   53   of humor—everybody, that is,   54  his six-year-old daughter, Jenny.   55   one of Geoffrey’s closed friends asked him to make a speech at a wedding  reception. This is the   56   of thing that Geoffrey loves. He prepared the speech carefully and went to the wedding with Jenny. He had included a large number of funny stories in the speech and, of course, it was a great   57  . As soon as he had finished, Jenny told him she wanted to go home. Geoffrey was a little   58   .by this but he did as his daughter asked. On the way home, he asked Jenny if she had enjoyed the speech. To his surprise, she said she hadn’t. Geoffrey asked her why this was   59   and she told him that she did not like to see so many people   60   at him.

B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

Time is dangerous. If you don't control it, it will  61  you.  62  you don't make it work for you, it will work   63   you. So you must become the   64   of time, not its servant. As a first-year college student, time management will be your number   65   problem. Time is valuable.   66   time is a bad habit. It is like a   67   . The   68   time you waste, the   69   it is to go on wasting time. If you seriously wish to get the   70   out of college you must put the time message into practice.

V.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。 (本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

71. The director told Sidney Poitier to get off the stage because ________.

72. When the Marine knew the dying man was not his father, he ________.

73. The dictionary can not be regarded as always authority because ________.

74. ________ made the old man give his son up to The Agent X.

75. Sangstrom wanted to buy poison from the Druggist in order to ________.

76. The English character includes reserve, sense of humor, ________ and sportsmanship.

77. In the story “The Emotional Bank Account Secrets of Happy Families”, the author means ________ by referring to “Earn an A”.

78. In the story “Freedom in Dying”, what impresses us most is ________.

79. In the story “Outside Chance”, the young man has bought the newspaper which ________.

80. The letter “A” which Chris managed to draw meant a great deal to him. It was ________ .

Ⅵ.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

81.天气越来越冷了。

82.我不在乎是不是下雨:我都是要去的。

83.法律规定酒后不得开车。

84.昨晚我睡的很沉,那药起了作用。

85.学校正在设法多给学生开设一些阅览室。

86.清晨下了一场暴雨。

87.帮助别人是我们的责任。

88.好学生是能独立思考的那种学生。

89.做出承诺就要兑现。

90.患难之交才是知交。

 

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