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全国2011年10月自学考试高级英语真题

2011-10-27  中国教育在线  http://zikao.eol.cn  

全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外),请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上

Ⅰ. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (25 points,1 point for each)

One of the best current examples of what Horowitz is talking 1 is John Denver. His most 2 songs—“Sunshine on My Shoulders”, “Rocky Mountain High”, and “Country Road”— 3 the musical drive and power of 4 rock, while the lyrics celebrate the simple 5 of“the good old days”.

It is all symbolized in my mind by the hugely successful art 6 that television has made 7 to the culture, the 30-second commercial: the tiny drama of the 8 housewife who finds happiness 9 choosing the right toothpaste. When before in human history has so much humanity 10 surrendered so much of its leisure to one toy, one mass diversion?

They had no 11 of comparison and assumed that this was a 12 of his class, just as a traveler stepping off the liner at a foreign 13 for luncheon sums up a nation’s character forever in the 14 businessman who happens to 15 the table with him.

Each week, for example, a record of the sales results of the 16 week for each sales office and for Sales Department as a 17 for each division of the company is kept and 18 to the sales results for the 19 week of the year 20 .

But by and large the news reports and commentaries on CBS and NBC and ABC make every 21 to present viewers with more than one 22 of an issue, either by letting 23 spokesmen have their 24 or by outlining the positions held by both major parties on the subject 25 .

A.folkB.meansC.formD.combineE.before

F.precedingG.joysH.inI.correspondingJ.central

K.comparedL.shareM.characteristicN.notableO.opposing

P.effortQ.collectivelyR.aboutS.involvedT.port

U.sayV.aspectW.wholeX.earnestY.wily


II. Each of the following sentences is given four choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each)

26. New books were displayed in a ______ position on tables at the front of the shop.

A. prominent B. preeminent

C. dominant D. relevant

27. The government is trying to ______ the people into thinking that a war is necessary.

A. inspire B. poison

C. adopt D. brainwash

28. You need to demonstrate to the examiners that you have more than a(n) ______ understanding of the text.

A. actual B. factual

C. literal D. literary

29. Such ______ of the facts cannot be allowed to go unchallenged.

A. distortion B. disturbance

C. distraction D. distribution

30. Cutting the bush back in the autumn will help promote ______ growth in the spring.

A. violent B. virtual

C. vigorous D. visual

31. In this story, the clever little fox ______ the hunters and escapes from the trap they set.

A. outweighs B. outwits

C. outnumbers D. outgrows

32. The British ______ time, effort and huge sums of money on pets.

A. lavish B. grant

C. provide D. supply

33. The fortunes of the major political parties tend to ______ and flow over time.

A. halt B. fall

C. ebb D. fly

34. I’m tired of listening to her ______ the virtues of her children.

A. exposing B. explaining

C. extending D. extolling

35. There will be a mass ______ to the seaside, the countryside and foreign holiday destinations during summer vacation.

A. departure B. inflow

C. evasion D. exodus

36. John was angry when the boss said that his proposal was completely ______.

A. disposable B. dismissible

C. unapproachable D. unavoidable

37. Lack of sleep has ______ her concentration.

A. deconstructed B. impaired

C. demonstrated D. repaired

38. He had long held a(n) ______ fascination with the horrors of contemporary warfare.

A. arbitrary B. mortal

C. morbid D. courteous

39. The government replaced the narrow street with a wide ______ with the funds raised.

A. lane B. path

C. boulevard D. trail

40. Like so many politicians, he had an ______ appetite for power.

A. innumerable B. inseparable

C. insufferable D. insatiable


Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding three items III, IV, V.

ANC Reform: Alaska Natives Battle for Change

(1) They gathered in an office building behind closed doors, a dozen executives of Alaska native corporations (ANCs) considering how to proceed in the face of threats to a government program that had given them a shortcut to billions in income from federal contracts. For years, the leaders of ANCs had maintained a united front of support for the ANC program, despite news accounts and audits that turned up allegations of abuses.

(2) In August 2009, just weeks after an especially critical congressional hearing,officials from three of the ANCs proposed a major break in the long-held habit of keeping native problems to themselves. They wanted the group to acknowledge the problems and adopt radical reforms. The room went silent when the officials announced their key proposal: a cap on contracts that would end their ability to get deals of any size without competition.

(3) “The reaction was surprisingly muted,” said a person who was there that day who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the nature of the meeting. “It was obvious there was discomfort, but no one raised their voices or pounded the table.”

(4) One of the reformers, Tara Sweeney, a vice president at Arctic Slope based in Barrow, said in a recent interview that advocating a position with implied criticism of Alaska natives was “not an easy path to take.” But she said that she and others could not stand by and do nothing. “We need to do the right thing,” she said.

(5) Executives at Doyon Limited and Cook Inlet Region Inc. joined those at Arctic Slope in calling for fundamental changes in the program, which has opened the way for $29 billion to Alaska native corporations over the past decade, most of it through set-aside deals or contracts awarded without competition.

(6) In a proposal handed over to the Small Business Administration (SBA) last month, the three companies called for better tracking and reporting of benefits to Alaska native shareholders and their communities. They reiterated their call for limits on the size of contracts awarded without competition, requiring additional justification for contracts of more than $100 million. They called for new limits on how ANC subsidiaries could operate and for better enforcement “of program rules to ensure the integrity” of small-business contracting.

(7) “Our proposed reforms will improve the program by increasing accountability, decreasing the potential for abuse while continuing to encourage the growth of sustainable businesses that raise the standard of living for Alaska native people,” the three reformers said in a letter to the SBA.

(8) In the Alaska native community, the proposals are a source of intense, debate.

(9) Sarah Lukin, executive director of the Native American Contractors Association; said the ANC program as it currently is benefits Alaska natives and taxpayers. She said the three reformers, who are not members of her association, “can afford to do business” without the set-aside program

because of their natural resources and real estate holdings.

(10) Lukin said critics have taken ANC problems out of context, ignoring the fact that the same issues, such as the use of contracts without competition, are widespread across the government. “The scrutiny on ANCs is disproportionate,” she said.

(11) An unlikely set of allies has joined the reformers.

(12) In an interview, Sen. Lisa Murkowski, one of the most adamant ANC boosters, applauded the idea of more transparency and accountability. “In order to continue the good for which this program was intended, we have to pursue the reforms that allow for appropriate oversight,” she said. “I have defended this program, but I do not defend the program unconditionally.”

(13) Sen. Claire McCaskill, chairman of a contracting oversight subcommittee that held the ANC hearing last year, said the contracting privileges ought to be rescinded altogether. “If you really understand what is going on with Alaska native corporations, your heart breaks for the many poor natives who are suffering still. They’re being used,” she said. “Two groups of people are getting screwed by the program. Many Alaska natives who are not getting their fair share, and the American taxpayers.”

(14) She suggested that the government make direct payments to the native shareholders. “I would much prefer that the American government help Alaska natives directly than through ridiculously over-priced, noncompete government contracts,” she said.

(15) Sheri Buretta, chairman of the board of the Chugach Corp., said that the government needs to keep giving ANCs room to improve and grow. “There’s no doubt in my mind there are abuses.” Until now, native executives have been afraid to speak up because of fears “it will be used against us. We’re trying as hard as we can,” she said. “It’s an evolutionary process.”


III. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements or questions, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points for each)

41. The purpose of the ANC program reforms is to ______.

A. encourage the growth of sustainable businesses

B. compete with large joint ventures

C. enhance taxpayers’ confidence in ANCs

D. get deals of any size without competition

42. The officials of Alaska native corporations gathered to ______.

A. discuss the reform proposals

B. find ways to help native Alaska people

C. improve corporate competition

D. protest against the Pentagon

43. The main proposal of officials from three of the ANCs is to ______.

A. acknowledge the problems and call for federal support

B. keep native problems to themselves

C. limit the size of contracts

D. stand by and do nothing

44. The word “anonymity” in the third paragraph means ______.

A. holding a negative attitude B. calling for public attention

C. keeping one’s name untold D. holding back one’s opinions

45. The corporation headquartered in Barrow is ______.

A. Doyon Limited B. Cook Inlet Region Inc.

C. Chugach Corp. D. Arctic Slope

46. The word “reiterated” in the sixth paragraph means ______.

A. responded B. reviewed

C. reconsidered D. restated

47. In the ninth paragraph, Sarah Lukin’s attitude toward the reform proposals is ______.

A. tolerant B. supportive

C. negative D. conservative

48. The word “disproportionate” in the tenth paragraph means ______.

A. unfair B. unknown

C. undone D. uneasy

49. According to Sen. Claire McCaskill, the victims of the ANC program are ______.

A. Alaska officials and corporation executives

B. American officials and Alaska taxpayers

C. Alaska natives and American taxpayers

D. American citizens and corporation executives

50. The sentence “It’s an evolutionary process.” in the fifteenth paragraph implies that ______.

A. it takes courageB. it takes time

C. it is an easy path to takeD. it is the right thing to do

IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each)

51. It was obvious there was discomfort, but no one raised their voices or pounded the table.

52. In the Alaska native community, the proposals are a source of intense debate.

53. In order to continue the good for which this program was intended, we have to pursue the reforms that allow for appropriate oversight.

54. If you really understand what is going on with Alaska native corporations,your heart breaks for the many poor natives who are suffering still.

55. She suggested that the government make direct payments to the native shareholders.


V. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points)

56. What is your attitude to reforms? Illustrate your point of view with one or more appropriate examples.


VI. Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points each for 57-60, 4 points for 61, 8 points for 62)

57.一个致力于在少数特定地区增加个人财富的政府系统永远不会为公众谋求利益。

58.黑人区至少不再满足于其美国城区私生子的地位。

59.男人可以用报纸作为屏障与妻子隔开。

60.当年医生出于对个人自由的坚定不移的尊重而不去杀害健康的、渴望活下去的人们。

61.首先,作为防止无聊的手段,工作是可取的。因为与终日无所事事百无聊赖相比,从事必要而乏味的工作所感受的无聊就算不了什么了。

62.亚裔美国老人是这样一种公众印象的牺牲品:他们有家人的独立照顾,因此不需要外界帮助。然而来到这个国家的亚裔美国入的移民模式、文化障碍、语言障碍、语言问题和他们遭遇的歧视,都给这些老人及其家人带来伤害。

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