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2009年10月成人自考00015英语二真题及答案解析

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一、1.Vocabulary and Structrue

0. The traffic was held up for more than thirty minutes,______caused me to   arrive late.

A.it

B.that

C.what

D.which

1. ______he has many friends,he is often feeling lonely.

A.As

B.When

C.While

D.Since

2. Poor speaker of English though he was at the time,he still managed to make   himself______.

A.understand

B.understood

C.undemanding

D.to understand

3. There are many sales this season,during which stores will lower   their______prices.

A.normal

B.general

C.ordinary

D.usual

4. As for family education,parents are encouraged to rely on______rather than   punishment.

A.criticism

B.intimidation

C.persuasion

D.scolding

5. Scientists doubt whether it's______to regulate one's biological clock by   drinking.

A.feasible

B.incredible

C.fashionable

D.valuable

6. You'd better leave things______if you don't know how to deal with   them.

A.lonely

B.only

C.lone

D.alone

7. The room was quiet,______the occasional coughing from my throat.

A.in case

B.except for

C.by far

D.instead of

8. So far scientists have only acquired______understanding of the physical   processes that cause earthquakes.

A.a partial

B.a changeable

C.an original

D.an individual

9. The profit-sharing plan is designed to______the staff to work hard.

A.calculate

B.demonstrate

C.speculate

D.motivate

二、2.Cloze Test

1.Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a   woman. A man goes shopping (11)______ he needs something. His purpose is settled   and decided (12)______ . He knows what he wants and his objective is to find it   and (13)______ it;the price is a secondary (14)______ . Most men (15)______ walk   into a shop and ask the salesman (16)______ what they want. If the shop has it   in stock. the salesman promptly (17)______ it,and the business of trying it on   proceeds (18)______ . Au being well,the (19)______ can be and often is completed   in less than five minutes,with hardly any bargain and to their satisfaction. For   a man,slight problems may begin when the shop does not have what he wants.   (20)______ does not have exactly what he wants. In that case the salesman,as the   name implies,tries to sell the customer something else.

(11)

A.although

B.before

C.unless

D.because

2.(12)

A.in advance

B.in addition

C.in contrast

D.in return

3.(13)

A.book

B.order

C.buy

D.take

4.(14)

A.transaction

B.consideration

C.regulation

D.possession

5.(15)

A.simply

B.necessarily

C.reluctantly

D.inevitably

6.(16)

A.of

B.with

C.for

D.at

7.(17)

A.1eaves

B.makes

C.prevents

D.produces

8.(18)

A.at once

B.at first

C.at best

D.at least

9.(19)

A.sale

B.deal

C.payment

D.request

10.(20)

A.and

B.or

C.but

D.as

三、3.Reading Comperhension

1.My husband Christopher was once a financial planner. Even though he   couldn't balance our budget,his clients trusted him completely and he made them   feel secure. In exchange they paid him very well. We had a nice life then. At   that time,my yoga studio(瑜伽馆)was just starting to make a profit,and I had   recently decorated it. At last,I was in control of my working life and poured my   heart and soul into making it succeed.

When we first met,I fell hard for Christopher right away. although I wouldn't   call it love. I'd never been with a man who was prettier than I was,but after a   while I got used to this. and it didn't bother me so much. I was recovering from   a broken heart and needed something to help me move on. If it wasn't love,it was   good enough,and when he asked me to marry him I jumped at the chance. knowing   that it might be my last.

Things started out so well. I was working steadily and Christopher was   patiently climbing up the ladder in his department. Then,without any warning,one   gray winter afternoon in year five,he just upped and left his desk at the   bank,handed in his resignation,and came home and told me he wanted to start an   interior design business.

He has always loved mixing and matching,and has a real eye for   color,texture,and shape,but the idea of turning a hobby into a business wasn't   something we had ever discussed. I thought the stress of his job was becoming   too much and perhaps he would take a few months off over the spring and summer   to relax and get the idea out of his system. I didn't believe he could be   serious. But once he had a few clients,he began to draw up plans,ordering   catalogues and turning our empty workshop into a kind of makeshift studio with   all of his sketches pinned to the wall. After spending a lot of time and money   on all of this preparation,and really doing quite a nice job of it,he called   each client in turn and apologized,saying he wouldn't be able to design their   living spaces after all.

As a financial planner,Christopher______.

A.paid his clients very well

B.was trusted by his clients

C.was making his yoga studio profitable

D.could make his family's budget balanced

2.

The woman in the passage______.

A.fell in love with Christopher at first sight

B.managed a yoga studio with her husband

C.felt really uncomfortable With a smart man

D.married Christopher because of a broken heart

3.

His wife thought Christopher suddenly quit his job because he______.

A.couldn't wait to get promoted

B.had experience in interior design

C.wanted to do something he enjoyed

D.couldn't bear the pressure from his job

4.

The woman______her husband's decision.

A.was supportive of

B.was indifferent to

C.was satisfied with

D.was negative about

5.

It can be inferred from the last paragraph that Christopher______.

A.was more likely to change his mind

B.would return to his office in the bank

C.made a big success in interior design

D.was not well-prepared for his business

7.In a quiet,darkened lecture room,you begin a frustrating fight against   fatigue. The overhead projector hums,and you cannot concentrate on the slides.   You stop absorbing information and become absent-minded. The professor lost you   a long time ago. You are bored.

Virtually everyone gets bored once in a while. Most of us chalk it up to a   dull environment. “The most common way to define boredom in Western culture   is‘having nothing to do. ’”says psychologist Stephen Vodanovich of the   University of West Florida. And indeed,early research into the effects of   boredom focused on people forced to perform. dull tasks,such as working a   factory assembly line.

But boredom is not merely an natural property of the   circumstances,researchers say. Rather this perception is subjective and rooted   in aspects of consciousness. Levels of boredom vary among people:some   individuals are far less liable to boredom than others-and some,such as   extroverts(性格外向者),are more likely to have this feeling.

Thus,a new generation of scientists is coping with the psychological   interpretations of this most tedious of human emotions-and they have found that   it is more complicated than is commonly known. Researchers say that boredom is   not a unified concept but rather comes in several flavors. Level of attention,an   aspect of conscious awareness,plays an important role in boredom,such that   improving a person's ability to focus may therefore decrease boredom. Emotional   factors can also contribute to boredom. People who are poor in understanding   their own feelings and those who become sucked in and distracted by their moods   are more easily bored,for example.

Staying away from tedium is not easy. People who are liable to boredom are   more likely to suffer from ills such as depression and drug addiction;they also   tend to be socially awkward and poor performers at school or work.

The purpose of the first paragraph is to______.

A.illustrate why people are less able to focus

B.show how boring a lecture in a dark room is

C.tell people how fatigue affects concentration

D.describe a situation where people can get bored

8.

It can be concluded from Para. 2 that______.

A.doing nothing leads people to get bored easily

B.western people pay little attention to boredom

C.boredom only affects the assembly line worker

D.people are liable to get bored in a dull situation

9.

Researchers hold that boredom results from______.

A.natural surroundings

B.various kinds of factors

C.sensitive personalities

D.subjective perceptions

10.

Improvement of people's ability to focus may______.

A.affect their moods

B.distract their minds

C.reduce their boredom

D.increase their depression

11.

The passage mainly involves______.

A.effects of boredom on people's life and work

B.various ways to conquer the feeling of boredom

C.studies of possible reasons why people get bored

D.the importance of scientific research into boredom

13.Storytelling is one of the few human features that are truly universal   across culture and through all of known history. Anthropologists find evidence   of folktales everywhere in ancient cultures,written in   Sanskrit,Latin,Greek,Chinese,Egyptian and Sumerian. People in societies of all   types weave stories,from oral storytellers in hunter-gatherer tribes to the   millions of writers bringing out books,television shows and movies. And when a   characteristic behavior. shows up in so many different societies. researchers   pay attention:its roots may tell us something about our evolutionary past.

To study storytelling,scientists must first define what constitutes a   story,and that can prove tricky. Because there are so many diverse   forms,scholars often define story structure. known as narrative,by explaining   what it is not. Exposition contrasts with narrative by being a   simple,straightforward explanation,such as a list of facts or an encyclopedia   entry. Another standard approach defines narrative as a series of causally   linked events that unfold over time. A third definition draws on the typical   narrative's subject matter:the interactions of intentional agents-characters   with minds-who possess various motivations,

However narrative is defined,people know it when they feel it. Whether   fiction or nonfiction. a narrative engages its audience through psychological   realism-recognizable emotions and believable interactions among characters.

“Everyone has a natural detector for psychological realism,”says Raymond A.   Mar,assistant professor of psychology at York University in Toronto. “We can   tell when something rings false. ”But the best stories-those retold through   generations and translated into other languages-do more than simply present a   believable picture. These tales attract their audience. whose emotions can be   closely tied to those of the story's characters. Such immersion(沉浸)is a state   psychologists call“narrative transport”. Researchers have only begun figuring   out the relations among the variables that can initiate narrative transport.

The passage indicates that storytelling______.

A.is becoming less and less popular in modem societies

B.attracts researchers' attention all through human history

C.is the best way to show the evolutionary past of human beings

D.is a common cultural phenomenon all through the known history

14.

The phrase“a characteristic behavior”in Para. 1 refers to______.

A.telling stories

B.writing books

C.studying folktales

D.producing movies

15.

Exposition is characterized by______.

A.believable pictures

B.diverse subject matters

C.a simple and direct explanation

D.a number of causally linked events

16.

How many approaches are mentioned to define a narrative?

A.One.

B.Two.

C.Three.

D.Four.

17.

The best stories attract their audience because they______.

A.present a believable picture

B.express the audience's emotions

C.are translated into other languages

D.are retold from generation to generation

四、4.Word Spelling

0. 能力,能耐 n. a_ _ _ _ _ _

1. 吹嘘,自夸 v. b_ _ _ _

2. 取消,删除 v. c_ _ _ _ _

3. 危险的,不安全的 a. d_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4. 过多的,过分的 a. e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5. 设备;便利 n. f_ _ _ _ _ _ _

6. 喂草,放牧 v. g_ _ _ _

7. 几乎不,几乎没有 ad. h_ _ _ _ _

8. 包括,包含 v. i_ _ _ _ _ _

9. 律师 n. l_ _ _ _ _

10. 较大的,主要的 a. m_ _ _ _

11. 国家的,民族的 a. n_ _ _ _ _ _ _

12. 操作,经营 n. o_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

13. 透入,渗入 v. P_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

14. 拒绝,谢绝 v. r_ _ _ _ _

15. 幸存,存活 n. s_ _ _ _ _ _ _

16. 技术员 n. t_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

17. 在楼上,往楼上 ad. u_ _ _ _ _ _ _

18. 老兵,老手 n. v_ _ _ _ _ _

19. 获胜者,优胜者 n. w_ _ _ _ _

五、5.Word From

0. It was______(care)of her to leave her purse lying on the desk.

1. The______(frighten)child gripped his mother's hands tightly.

2. It might be possible to convert______(explode)energy into heat.

3. Tom shouted at his wife,“You______(find)fault with me. ”

4. Jack has exerted all his______(strong)to attain his goal.

5. The surface of the earth______(cover)by masses of land and larger areas of   water.

6. Tom was the only one of the lookers-on who______(be)willing to help.

7. Unless there's a storm,we shall set off on our journey tomorrow   as______(plan).

8. The young man was so tired that he fell______(sleep)the moment his head   touched the pillow.

9. I would rather he______(paint)the wall white next time.

六、6.Translation from Chinese into English

0. 电脑能帮助解决科学研究中的许多问题。

1. 好书的产生是努力工作的结果。

2. 问题在于她是否能自己克服这些困难。

3. 每个听到那条消息的人都兴奋得跳了起来。

4. 你只要不灰心,一定会成功的。

七、7.Translation from English into Chinese

0. Everyone agrees that children's language learning begins with listening.   However,individual children vary greatly in the amount of listening they do   before they start speaking,and late starters are often long listeners. Most   children will‘obey’spoken instructions some time before they can speak. Before   they can speak,many children also ask questions by gestures and noises. It is   agreed that they enjoy making noises,and that during the first few months one or   two noises are considered as a particular indication of   delight,distress,sociability,and so on. But since three noises cannot be said to   show the baby's intention to communicate,they can hardly be regarded as early   forms of language. It is agreed,too,that from about three months they play with   sounds for enjoyment,and by six months they are able to add new sounds to   their‘speech’. This self-imitation leads on to intentional imitation of sounds   made or words spoken to them by other people. Can these imitations be considered   as speech?




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