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2007年4月成人自考00015英语二真题及答案解析

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一、1.Vocabulary and Structrue

0.It is difficult to______the implication between the lines.

A.get to

B.get with

C.get at

D.get down

1.The volleyball match was televised______on CCTV.

A.alive

B.life

C.live

D.lively

2.The newspaper will have to close down if it cannot increase   its______considerably.

A.distribution

B.contribution

C.prescription

D.circulation

3.The central theatre has a seating______of more than 3,000 people.

A.capability

B.capacity

C.ability

D.facility

4.The furniture in her bedroom is quite different from______in the living   room.

A.that

B.it

C.one

D.which

5.Because of the bad weather,the sports meet had to be______.

A.shut down

B.done away

C.taken off

D.called off

6.Jenny complained that the hospital______her too much for the treatment.

A.expended

B.paid

C.cost

D.charged

7.Having decided to rent a flat,we______contacting housing agencies in the   city.

A.set about

B.set down

C.set out

D.set up

8.The book fair has received a positive______from readers.

A.result

B.response

C.settlement

D.solution

9.If the operation______carefully prepared,it would not have been   successful.

A.was not

B.has not been

C.had not been

D.were not

二、2.Cloze Test

1.The basic principle of radar is illustrated by what happens when one shouts   in a cave. The echo of the shouting (11)______ the walls helps a person   determine the size of the cave. With radar,however,the waves are radio waves   instead of (12)______ waves. Radio waves travel (13)______ the speed of   light,about300,000 kilometers in a second. A radar set (14)______ a short burst   of radio waves. Then it receives the echoes (15)______ when the waves bounce(反射)   off objects. By determining the time it (16)______ for the echoes to return to   the radar set,a trained technician (17)______ determine the distance between the   radar set and other objects. The word“radar“, (18)______ ,gets its name from the   term“radio detection and ranging.”“Ranging“is the term for detection of the   (19)______ between an object and the radar set.

Besides being of critical importance to pilot,radar is (20)______ for air   traffic control,for tracking ships at sea,and for tracking weather systems and   storms.

(11)

A.through

B.for

C.on

D.against.

2.(12)

A.sound

B.light

C.heat

D.tide

3.(13)

A.in

B.at

C.over

D.on

4.(14)

A.sends out

B.works out

C.figures out

D.puts out

5.(15)

A.producing

B.produced

C.produce

D.produces

6.(16)

A.spends

B.takes

C.kills

D.makes

7.(17)

A.can

B.must

C.ought to

D.has to

8.(18)

A.in case

B.in turn

C.in short

D.in fact

9.(19)

A.length

B.width

C.distance

D.space

10.(20)

A.eventual

B.internal

C.external

D.essential

三、3.Reading Comperhension

1.Among the company was a lawyer,a young man of about twenty-five. On being   asked his opinion,he said,“Capital punishment and life imprisonment are equally   immoral. If I were to make a choice between them,I would rather choose the   latter. Anyway,it's better to live than not to live at all.”

A lively discussion followed. A banker,who was then younger and more nervous   than the lawyer,suddenly lost his temper and cried out,“It's a lie. I bet you   two millions. You wouldn't stick in a cell even for five years.”

“If you mean it,“replied the young lawyer,“I bet I'll stay there longer;make   it fifteen instead of five.”

“Fifteen!Done!“cried the banker. “Gentleman. I bet you two millions.”

“Agreed. Two millions for my freedom,“said the lawyer.

So this wild,ridiculous bet came to pass. The banker could not hide his   excitement. During supper he said to the lawyer jokingly,“Come to your   senses,young man,before it's too late. Two millions are nothing to me,but you   stand to lose three or four of the best years of your life. I say three or four   because you'll never stick it out any longer. Don't forget that voluntary   imprisonment is much harder to put up with than an enforced one. The idea that   you have the right to free yourself any moment will poison your life in the   cell. I pity you.”

And now the banker,pacing from comer to comer,recalled all this and asked   himself,“Why did I make this bet?What's the good?The lawyer lost fifteen years   of his life and I threw away two millions. Will it convince people that capital   punishment is worse or better than imprisonment for life?No,no!Rubbish!On my   part,it was the caprice(心血来潮)of a well-fed millionaire;on the lawyer's part,it's   the pure greed of gold.”

The lawyer would choose life imprisonment because______.

A.he was younger than the banker

B.capital punishment was immoral

C.it was better than capital punishment

D.the banker would give him $200,000

2.The author considers the bet between the lawyer and the banker______.

A.interesting

B.ridiculous

C.capricious

D.instructive

3.The word“company“in the first paragraph refers to______.

A.companions

B.bankers

C.1awyers

D.prisoners

4.The banker was extremely excited because______.

A.he was too rich to care for the money

B.he was sure of his winning the bet

C.the lawyer would give up in 15 years

D.the lawyer would give up before 5 years

5.In the end,the banker considers his bet with the lawyer______.

A.rational

B.reasonable

C.beneficial

D.unreasonable

7.Online learning is also called distance education,which helps students who   take classes by computer over the Internet to learn certain courses and earn a   degree. And it has become more and more popular with both young people and   educational institutions.

The School of Continuing and Professional Studies of New York University in   Manhattan began online classes in 1992. Its Virtual School has taught more than   10,000 students from across the United States and other countries.

Last year,the school launched NYU Online. It offers NYU's first online   programs for a bachelor's degree. Programs are offered in three areas:leadership   and management,information systems management and social sciences. The classes   are highly interactive,where students communicate with each other and their   teachers. Some classes require students to log in at the same time 80 they can   attend live lectures by a professor. Students can also ask questions and work   together on team projects.

The cost to attend NYU Online depends on how many classes a student is to   take. It costs as much as fifteen thousand dollars a year. NYU offers no   financial aid for international students in this program. If you are interested   in the program,you can get more details at the website:www. nyu. edu.

Many other schools,too,offer online education. Students should be especially   careful of programs that offer a degree in return for little or no work. These   are known as diploma mills,and are illegal in the United States.

Educational advisers also say that before you enter any program,make sure the   work will be recognized in your country. You should also make sure the schools   you are considering are officially approved.

The third paragraph is mainly about the______of the programs of the   School.

A.academic goal and system

B.courses and learning mode

C.learning methods and classes

D.courses and requirements

8.It can be inferred from the passage that international students in the   programs______.

A.get full scholarship

B.pay no tuition

C.get no financial support

D.earn more money

9.Many American schools offer online programs,and international   students______.

A.should be careful of being cheated

B.are certain to earn a degree

C.should know about programming

D.are faced with many difficulties

10.The word“work”in the second line of the last paragraph most probably   means______.

A.what a student has written at school

B.what a student has learned at school

C.what a student has read at school

D.what a student has achieved academically

11.The payment for online programs of NYU is based on______.

A.the number of classes a student attends

B.the number of students a professor instructs

C.the number of semesters a student spends

D.the number of presentations a student makes

13.An understanding of man's effect on the balance of nature is   crucial(关键的)to being able to find the appropriate remedial action. It is a very   common belief that the problems of the population explosion are caused mainly by   poor people living in poor countries who do not know enough to limit their   reproduction. This is not true. The actual number of people in an area is not as   important as the effect they have on nature. Developing countries do have an   effect on their environment,but it is the populations of richer countries that   have a far greater impact on the earth as a whole.

For example,tropical forests are known to be essential to the balance of   nature,yet we are destroying them at a great rate. They are being cleared not to   benefit the natives of that country,but to satisfy the needs of rich countries.   Central American forests are being destroyed for grassland to make pet food in   the United States cheaper;in Papua New Guinea,forests are destroyed to supply   cheaper cardboard packaging for Japanese electronic products;in Burma and   Thailand,forests have been destroyed to produce mole attractive furniture in   Singapore and Hong Kong. Therefore,a rich person living thousands of miles away   may cause more tropical forest destruction than a poor person living in the   forest itself.

In short,it is everybody's duty to safeguard the future of mankind-not only   through population control,but by being more aware of the effect his actions   have on nature. Nature is both fragile and powerful. It is very easily   destroyed;on the other hand,it can easily destroy its most dangerous   enemy-man.

According to the first paragraph,people usually believe that______.

A.poor people in poor countries contribute to the imbalance of nature

B.rich people know how to protect the environment by taking actions

C.people in poor areas know a lot about the birth control

D.rich people in rich countries have done a lot to balance nature

14.In the author's opinion,______.

A.developing countries should be responsible for environmental problems

B.overpopulation in the world is created by the developed countries

C.rich countries exercise worse influence on environment than poor   countries

D.all countries should bring the population growth under control

15.The purpose of the second paragraph is mainly to illustrate______.

A.how the forests in the U. S. are being destroyed

B.which countries are the victims of the imbalance of nature

C.what Japan has done to develop its own economy

D.how South Asian countries make quality furniture

16.Nature is very easily destroyed by______.

A.rich people

B.poor people

C.natural disasters

D.mankind

17.The topic of the passage is that______.

A.the control of population is essential to the development of a nation

B.natural resources are important to the economic development of a   country

C.awareness of the effects of man's actions is as important as population   control

D.developed countries should do more to protect natural environment on the   earth

四、4.Word Spelling

0. 到国外;在国外 ad. a_ _ _ _ _

1. 相反的;不利的 a. a_ _ _ _ _ _

2. 帝国 n. e_ _ _ _ _

3. 典礼,仪式 n. c_ _ _ _ _ _ _

4. 环境;境遇 n. c_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5. 密集度,稠密度 n. d_ _ _ _ _ _

6. 出现,涌现 v. e_ _ _ _ _

7. 扩大,放大 n. e_ _ _ _ _ _

8. 特征,特色 n. f_ _ _ _ _ _

9. 杂志 n. m_ _ _ _ _ _ _

10. 移民,侨民 n. i_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

11. 许可;执照 n. l_ _ _ _ _ _

12. 同时,其间 n. m_ _ _ _ _ _ _

13. 需要,必需品 n. n_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

14. 服从,听从 v. o_ _ _

15. 四月 a. A_ _ _ _

16. 根本的,激进的 a. r_ _ _ _ _ _

17. 狡猾的;难处理的 a. t_ _ _ _ _

18. 策略,战略 n. s_ _ _ _ _ _ _

19. 宇宙的,普遍的 a. u_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

五、5.Word From

0. Small shops offer products that range from inexpensive to   expensive,______(depend)on the shop.

1. Our training program covers a range of______(effect)management   techniques.

2. Large sums of money have to______(spend)each year on railway   construction.

3. He saw a letter lying on the table______(address)to him.

4. It is highly______(desire)that the government give the company more   financial support.

5. She had an outward______(appear),but deep down she was reaHy worried.

6. There are a______(surprise)large number of mistakes in the test paper.

7. Weather______(permit),the football match will be played on Wednesday.

8. He lay perfectly still and______(play)dead to escape capture by the   enemy.

9. We are supposed______(follow)the teachers'instructions.

六、6.Translation from Chinese into English

0. 当人类对周围的环境开始发问时,科学就诞生了。

1. 他尽管病得很重,但还是参加了会议。

2. 这项研究结果表明白日梦有助于提高一个人适应新环境的能力。

3. 直到这次求职面试失败,他才意识到英语学习的重要性。

4. 随着经济发展和社会进步,人们越来越关心生活质量。

七、7.Translation from English into Chinese

0. When you turn on the television,put on your shoes or drive to a   store,you're using energy. Energy is one of the most fundamental forces in the   world. Animals use energy to walk and run. Trees and plants use energy to grow.   People use it to work and play. Energy is everywhere in nature-in the light of   the sun,in the wind,in the forest,in water currents and erupting volcanoes.   Without energy,there is no life. We use our own energy constantly and we   continually make use of all kinds of energy.

Energy can be divided into two different types:stored energy and dynamic   energy. Stored energy is caned potential energy,and the latter refers to energy   in motion. If you stretch out a rubber band,this produces potential energy. If   you let it go,it moves and produces the dynamic energy.




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